Functions of HRM

Human resource function refers to those tasks and duties performed in both large and small organization to provide for and co ordinate human resources. Human resource function are concerned with a variety of activities that significantly influence all areas of an organization, and include followings:

The Four basic Function of HRM are:
(1). Acquisition of human resources (Getting people)
(2) Development of human resources (Preparing people)
(3) Motivation of human resources (Stimulating people)
(4) Maintenance of human resources (Keeping them)

(1) Acquisition of human resources: There are two steps involved in acquisition process:
a) Recruitment: Recruitment is a process by which organizations locate and attract individuals to fill job vacancies.
b) Selection: Selection is a process of measurement, decision making and evaluation.

(2) Development of human resources: After selecting and recruiting individuals in the right position of the organization the next function is to train and develop them, so that they can become efficient employees and work toward the achievement of the organization goal.

(3) Motivation of human resources: The motivation function is one of the most important functions. After training and developing the employees the HR manager should stimulate them to work well. For motivation purpose the H.R manager have to give the employees some compensation and benefit package.

(4) Maintenance of human resources: The last phase of the H.R.M. function is called the Maintenance function. For maintaining the people H.R.M should go for some method of providing a safe and healthy work place. Labour relation & collective Bargaining.

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