What is Job Analysis?

A job analysis is a systematic method to discover and describe the differences and similarities among jobs. A good job analysis collects sufficient information to adequately identify, define, and describe the content of a job. Since job titles may be misleading (for example, “systems analyst” does not reveal much about the job) the content of the job is more important to the analysis than the title.

In general, a typical job analysis attempts to describe the following:
=>> skill (the experience, training, education, and ability required by the job);
=>> effort (the degree of effort actually expended in performing the job);
=>> responsibility (the degree of accountability required in the performance of a job); and
=>> working conditions of each job (the physical surroundings and hazards of a job, including dimensions such as inside versus outside work, heat, cold, and poor ventilation).

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