Career Planning and Development

What is a career?
A career is a series of work-related positions, paid or unpaid, that help a person grow in job skills, services and fulfillment.- Gary Dessler(1999).

A career is a sequence of positions occupied by a person during the course of a lifetime. – Donald E. Super and Douglas T. Hall (1978).

A career is all the jobs that are held during one’s working life.- William B. Werther Jr and Keith Davis (1996:311).

What is Career Planning?
Career planning is a deliberate process through which someone becomes aware of personal skills, interests, knowledge, motivations and other characteristics; acquires information about opportunities and choices ; identifies career –related goals; and establishes action plans to attain specific goals.- Gary Dessler

Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to those goals.- William B. Werther and Keith Davis (1996:311).

Career Development
Career Development is the lifelong series of activities that contributes to a person’s career exploration.- Gary Dessler.

Career development focuses on assisting individuals to identify their major career goals and to determine what they need to do to achieve these goals.- David A. DeCenzo

Career development involves with tracking career paths.- David A. DeCenzo and Robbins.

Career development consists of the personal improvements one undertakes to achieve a personal career plan. – William B. Werther and Keith Davis (1996:311).

Therefore, career planning and development should be seen as a process that aligns the interests and skills of employees with the needs of the organization (Stone:2008: 391). It is a mechanism to assist employees to develop realistic career goals and to provide opportunities to realize them.

Career planning and development is a double loop effort –one is made by the individual employee and the other is done by the human resource management of the organization. The following diagram exhibits this concept clearly.

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