Unfair labour practices by management

No employer or trade union of employers or no person acting on behalf of either shall- 1. Impose any condition in a contract of employment seeking to restrain the right of a person ...

Grievance Handling

A grievance is defined as any real or imagined feeling of personal injustice that an employee has about the employment relations. – William B. Werther and Keith Davis ( 1996). Grievance ...

Approaches to Industrial Relations

Industrial relations are interpreted from various dimensions. A well founded understanding of these dimensions of industrial relations is benchmark knowledge of human resource managers ...

Interactive Communication

Interactive communication is beneficial when communication is necessary between peers involved in tasks that require coordinated effort. However, if they are not involved in tasks that ...

Concept of communication

The world communication has been derived from the Latin word “communis”, which means common. Communication, therefore, refers to the sharing of ideas, facts, opinions, ...

7 C’s of Communication

In any business environment, adherence to the 7 C’s and the 4 S’s of Communication helps the sender in transmitting his message with ease and accuracy. The 7 C’s ...

Written communication

A written communication is always put into writing and generally used when the audience is at a distance or when a permanency or record is required or where its preservation is essential ...

Verbal Communication

Verbal communication takes place directly between the superiors and juniors in organizations and between farmers and extension functionaries in the field and is often known as face ...

Types of Incentive Schemes

Incentive schemes exist for all types of people working in an organisation – manual, managerial, and professional employees. The most common incentive schemes are stated below: ...

Pre-requisites for Successful Incentive Plans

Incentive plans will not be successful if these are well thought out and carefully executed. The success of incentive schemes in an organisation will depend on certain prerequisites. ...
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