Leadership is a “social influence process by which people can obtain the help and support of other people to accomplish a common task.” The geneticist Alan Keith gives a more universal definition. “Leadership is about opening a path for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen,” he said. In the words of Ken Agbonnia (2007) “Effective leadership is the ability to successfully coordinate and maximize the resources available in the internal and external environment to achieve organizational or social goals.” Agbannia defines an effective leader as, “A person who has the ability to consistently succeed in any situation and is recognized as meeting the expectations of an organization or society”, is an effective leader.

One of its most relevant aspects in organizational affiliation is leadership. But it is quite difficult to define the exact leadership. Mary E., assistant professor at Lincoln University. According to McSwain, “Leadership is about power: the ability to listen and observe leaders, the ability to use their own skills to encourage discussions at all levels of decision-making, the ability to establish due process and transparency in decision-making, the ability to express their own values ​​and The ability to clearly articulate vision. Leadership is not just reacting to agendas in meetings, but setting the agenda, identifying problems, and not just coping with change, but initiating change that paves the way for significant improvement.”

The following sections discuss several important aspects of leadership. This discussion also includes a description of what leadership is and several prevailing theories and styles surrounding leadership. The role of emotion and vision and the effectiveness and performance of leadership, the concept of leadership in various contexts, how it differs from other related concepts (eg, management), and some criticisms of leadership in general.

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