SAP…what is it anyway ?

S ystem
A pplications
P roducts in Data Processing

SAP HR is a global human resource management system solution, covers
1. HR

SAP, started in 1972 by five former IBM employees in Mannheim, Germany, states that it is the world’s largest inter-enterprise software company and the world’s fourth-largest independent software supplier, overall.

The original name for SAP was German: Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte, German for “Systems Applications and Products.” The original SAP idea was to provide customers with the ability to interact with a common corporate database for a comprehensive range of applications. Gradually, the applications have been assembled and today many corporations, including IBM and Microsoft , are using SAP products to run their own businesses.

SAP applications, built around their latest R/3 system, provide the capability to manage financial, asset, and cost accounting, production operations and materials, personnel, plants, and archived documents. The R/3 system runs on a number of platforms including Windows 2000 and uses the client/server model. The latest version of R/3 includes a comprehensive Internet-enabled package.

SAP has recently recast its product offerings under a comprehensive Web interface, called, and added new e-business applications, including customer relationship management (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM).

As of January 2007, SAP, a publicly traded company, had over 38,4000 employees in over 50 countries, and more than 36,200 customers around the world. SAP is turning its attention to small- and-medium sized businesses (SMB). A recent R/3 version was provided for IBM’s AS/400 platform.

The SAP HR module enables customers to effectively manage information about the people in their organization, and to integrate that information with ”other SAP modules” and external systems. From the Organization Management perspective, companies can

=> model a business hierarchy,
=> the relationships of employees to various business units
=> the reporting structure among employees.
=> helps employers to track employee master data,
=> work schedules,
=> salary and benefits information.
=> functionality focuses on employees’ skills, qualifications and career plans
=> process attendance and absences, gross salary and tax calculations, and payments to employees and third-party vendors.

Consistent with the overall integration of SAP R/3, the HR module shares information with other modules, such as Financial Accounting (FI), Controlling (CO), Production Planning and Business Workflow. The Payroll processes use Accounts Payable functions to print checks, manage payment and bank information, and process payments to tax authorities and other third-party vendors. Payroll results are also posted to General Ledger accounts for use in periodic income and expense reporting. For management accounting, information regarding employment costs can be transferred to Cost Centers with in the CO module. Employees can be assigned to Work Centers, which are used in conjunction with Production Planning. Assigned positions and reporting relationships from PD are used in Business Workflow to route purchase requisitions and other documents for approval. HR works with external systems either through certified interfaces with SAP partner products, or custom developed interfaces to customer defined systems.

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