Types of employee welfare

The meaning of labour welfare may be clearer by listing the activitiesand facilities, which are referred to as welfare measures.

A comprehensive list of welfare activities on labour welfare into two broad groups, namely:
1. Welfare measures inside the work place; and
2. Welfare measures outside the work place.

1. Welfare Measures inside the Work Place
a) Conditions of the work Environment
>==> Safety and cleanliness: attention to approaches.
>==> Housekeeping
>==> Workshop sanitation and cleanliness.
>==> Control of effluents
>==> Convenience and comfort during work
>==> Distribution of work hours
>==> Workmen’s safety measures
>==> Supply of necessary beverages
>==> Notice Boards

b) Conveniences
>==> Provision of drinking water
>==> Urinals and bathrooms
>==> Provision for spittoons
>==> Canteen services
>==> Rest rooms and reading rooms

C) Worker’s Health Services
>==> Factory health center
>==> Dispensary
>==> Ambulance
>==> Emergency aid
>==> Health education

d) Women and Child Welfare
>==> Services Crèche and child care
>==> Separate services for woman workers
>==> Family planning

e) Workers’ recreation
>==> Indoor games; strenuous games to be avoided duringintervals of work

f) Economic services
>==> Co operatives, loans, financial grants
>==> Thrift and savings schemes
>==> Un employment insurance
>==> Profit sharing and bonus schemes
>==> Gratuity and pension

g) Labour management participation
>==> Formation and working of various committees
>==> Workmen’s arbitration council
>==> Research bureau

h) Workers education
>==> Reading room
>==> Library
>==> Adults education
>==> Daily news review
>==> Factory news bulletin

2. Welfare Measures outside the Work Place
a)Water, sanitation, waste disposal.
b)Roads, lighting, parks, recreation, playgrounds.
c)Schools: nursery, primary, secondary and high school.
d)Markets, co operatives, consumer and credit societies.
e)Bank
f)Transport
g)Communication: post, telegraph and telephone.
h)Health and medical services: dispensary, emergency ward, outpatient and in-patient care, family visiting,family planning
i)Recreation: games; clubs; craft centers; cultural programmes
j)Watch and ward; security.
k)Administration of community services and problems.
Welfare facilities may also be categorized as (a) intra- mural and (b) extra-mural

Intra-mural facilities
Intra-mural activities consist of facilities provided with in thefactories and include medical facilities, compensation for accidents, provision of crèches and canteens, supply of drinking water, washing and bathing facilities, provision of safety measures, activities relating toimproving conditions of employment, and the like.

Extra-mural facilities
Extra-mural activities cover the services and facilities provided outside the factory such as housing accommodation, indoor and out door recreational facilities, amusement and sports, educational facilities for adultsand children, and the like.It may be started that the welfare activities may be provided by theemployer, the government, non-government organization and the tradeunions, while, what employees provide will be started later; the activitiesundertaken by other agencies are mentioned here.

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