Orientation

Orientation is the personnel activity which introduces new employees to the enterprise and to their tasks, superiors, and work groups. Orientation has not been studied a great deal, and little scientific research has been done on whether the programmes are adequate. The nature of the employee and the nature of the task, the work group, and the leadership are all important features of an effective orientation programme. The nature of the employee and the task are critical factors.

Definition of Orientation
The orientation is acquainting with the existing situation or environment.– Sloane(1983: 167).

Orientation or socialization is designed to provide new employees with the information needed to function comfortably and effectively in the organization.– (Stoner, Freeman and Gilbert, 1997:389).

Orientation is a procedure for providing new employees with basic background information about the firm.– Gary Dessler (2000).

Orientation is a program designed to help new employees get acquainted with the company and make a productive beginning on the job. – Wendell French (1997:249).

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